In this paper, we present a model of the automatic video stream-switching employed by Akamai along with a description of the client-side communication and control protocol. From the control architecture point of view, the automatic adaptation is achieved by means of two interacting control loops having the controllers at the client and the actuators at the server: one loop is the buffer controller, which aims at steering the client playout buffer to a target length by regulating the server sending rate; the other one implements the stream-switching controller and aims at selecting the video level. A detailed validation of the proposed model has been carried out through experimental measurements in an emulated scenario (IEEE explore link).
- L. De Cicco and S. Mascolo
An Adaptive Video Streaming Control System: Modeling, Validation, and Performance Evaluation
IEEE/ACM Transaction on Networking, April 2014 (PDF)